How cholesterol tablets work?
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Cholesterol is a type of lipid, or fat, that is produced by the liver and found in the blood. The body must function properly, but too much cholesterol can be harmful.
LDL cholesterol is “bad” because it can build up on the walls of arteries and form plaque. This plaque can narrow or block arteries, leading to heart disease, stroke, and other problems.
HDL cholesterol is “good” because it helps remove LDL cholesterol from the arteries.
Cholesterol tablets are prescribed to help lower LDL cholesterol levels. There are several different types of cholesterol-lowering drugs, including statins, bile acid sequestrants, and nicotinic acid.
Statins are the most commonly prescribed type of cholesterol-lowering drug. They work by blocking an enzyme in the liver that is needed to produce cholesterol. Statins can also help the body reabsorb LDL cholesterol already built up on artery walls.
Bile acid sequestrants bind to bile acids in the intestine and prevent them from being reabsorbed into the bloodstream. This causes the liver to make more bile acids, which helps remove LDL cholesterol from the blood.
Nicotinic acid is a type of drug that works by reducing the production of LDL cholesterol in the liver and by increasing the removal of LDL cholesterol from the blood. Nicotinic acid can also help reduce triglyceride levels in the blood.
Cholesterol tablets are usually taken once or twice a day. Your doctor will provide specific instructions on how to take the medication. It is essential to follow these instructions carefully.
Most people who take cholesterol-lowering drugs do not experience any side effects. However, some people may develop side effects such as stomach pain, diarrhoea, or headache. These side effects are usually mild and go away on their own.
You should contact your doctor if you experience any severe or persistent side effects.
Cholesterol tablets can help lower LDL cholesterol levels and reduce the risk of heart disease. They are generally safe and well-tolerated, but some may experience side effects. Be sure to follow your doctor’s instructions carefully and contact your doctor if you experience any problems.